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        背起來:大學英語六級寫譯高頻詞

        2022-03-17 14:16 點擊:次 【字號

        大學六級寫譯高頻詞

        動詞

        1. 強調 stress/emphasize/underline

        2. 象征 represent / stand for / symbolize / signify

        3. 經歷 undergo/experience/go through

        4. 要求,需要 require/demand/request

        5. 升級 upgrade

        6. 使用,利用 use/utilize/make use of

        7. 反映 reflect

        8. 吸引 attract/fascinate

        9. 加強 strengthen/enhance/reinforce

        10. 描述,描繪 portray/depict/describe

        11. 改善,完善 improve/better/perfect

        12. 促進 promote/facilitate/advance/further

        13. 建造 construct/build

        14. 減少 reduce/cut down

        15. 展現 reveal/show/exhibit/display

        16. 參加,出席 join/attend/participate in/enter into

        17. 創立,建立 found/establish/set up

        18. 繁榮,興旺 boom/flourish/prosper

        19. 超過 exceed/surpass/overtake

        20. 消除 eliminate/remove/eradicate

        名詞

        1. 演變,發展 evolvement/development

        2. 改進,改善,提高 improvement / reforming / enrichment

        3. 文化 culture/civilization

        4. 技術 technology/skill/technique

        5. 文學 literature

        6. 航行 voyage/sailing/navigation

        7. 設施,設備 facility/equipment/device

        8. 貧困 poverty

        9. 創新 innovation

        10. 朝代 dynasty

        11. 安全 safety/security

        12. 企業家 entrepreneur

        13. 發源地 birthplace

        14. 交流 exchange/communication

        15. 城市化 urbanization

        形容詞

        1. 先進的 advanced/progressive

        2. 獨特的,特別的 unique / distinctive/particular

        3. 不同的,多種多樣的 different / various/diverse

        4. 著名的 famous/well-known/noted

        5. 流行的,受歡迎的 popular / fashionable / widespread

        6. 相似的 similar

        7. 傳統的 traditional/conventional

        8. 顯著的,杰出的 prominent/remarkable

        9. 歷史性的 historic

        10. 文化的 cultural

        11. 重要的 important / significant / vital/crucial

        12. 許多,眾多的 many/numerous/multiple

        13. 國家的,國民的,民族的 national

        14. 典型的 typical/representative

        15. 燦爛的,輝煌的 brilliant / splendid / glorious

        16. 農村的 rural

        17. 皇家的,王室的 royal/imperial

        18. 繁榮的 flourishing/prosperous/booming

        19. 穩定的 stable/steady/stabilized

        20. 前所未有的 unprecedented

        副詞

        1. 通常、頻繁地 usually / generally / frequently / constantly

        2. 明顯地 apparently/obviously/distinctly

        3. 廣泛地 widely/far andwide/generally

        4. 主要地,大體上 mainly/primarily/basically

        5. 嚴厲地 severely/strictly/seriously

        6. 大幅度地,快速 sharply/rapidly

        7. 同時 simultaneously/meanwhile

        8. 當前,目前 currently

        9. 越來越多地 increasingly

        短語

        1. 被視為 be regarded/considered/seen as

        2. 作出貢獻 make contributions to

        3. 相繼 in succession/one after another

        4. 據估計 It is estimated that/according to the estimates/It is considered that

        5. 大量的 a large number of(+ 可數名詞 )/a good deal of/a large amount of (+ 不可數名詞 )

        6. 涉足 set foot in/be involved in

        7. 改革開放 reform and opening up

        8. 越來越多的 more and more/an increasing number of/a growing number of

        9. 用于 be used as/serve as

        10. 在 …… 中起作用,扮演 …… 角色 play a role in

        11. 歸因于,歸功于 be attributed to

        12. 據說 It is said that

        13. 努力做某事 strive to do/make efforts to do/work hard at

        14. 屈從 submit to/yield to

        15. 坐落 be located/be situated (+ 介詞 )

        16. 以 …… 而出名 be famous for/be well-known for/be noted for

        17. 不僅 …… 而且 …… not only...but also...

        18. 重視 pay attention to/attach importance to/lay stress on

        19. 同時 at the same time/in the meantime

        20. 導致 result in/lead to/bring about/give rise to

        21. 被列為 be listed as/be classified as

        22. 占(比例) account for

        23. 源于 originate from/come from

        24. 在 …… 方面 in terms of/in the aspect of

        二、常用詞高級替換,寫譯瞬間高大上

        重要的 important

        ❶ vital ['vaɪt(ə)l]

        She had found out some information of vital importance.

        她已經發現了一些至關重要的信。

        ❷ crucial ['kruːʃ(ə)l]

        It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

        立即著手解決這個問題是至關重要的。

        ❸ prominent ['prɒmɪnənt]

        This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth.

        投資的較大幅度增加,對拉動經濟增長發揮了明顯作用。

        ❹ cardinal ['kɑːd(ɪ)n(ə)l]

        Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law.

        尊重生命是英國法律最重要的原則。

        優秀的 good

        ❶ excellent ['eks(ə)l(ə)nt]

        She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories.

        她一直因其優秀的短篇小說享有很高的聲望。

        ❷ outstanding [aʊt'stændɪŋ]

        The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

        得獎學金的女孩是相當優秀的。

        ❸ extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]

        Her strength of will was extraordinary.

        她的意志力是非凡的。

        ❹ remarkable [rɪ'mɑːkəb(ə)l]

        The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements.

        中國的經濟外交具有鮮明的特點和卓越的成就。

        有趣的 interesting

        ❶ amusing [ə'mjuːzɪŋ]

        Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing.

        只要覺得好笑就盡管笑。

        ❷ entertaining [entə'teɪnɪŋ]

        This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

        這部電影令人捧腹,卻又發人深省。

        ❸ engaging [ɪn'geɪdʒɪŋ]

        His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

        他迷人的個性使他深受同齡人的喜愛。

        有活力的 energetic

        ❶ dynamic [daɪ'næmɪk]

        South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world.

        南亞仍然是世界上最具活力的經濟區。

        ❷ vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs]

        We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately.

        我們強烈要求立即采取有力措施。

        ❸ animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd]

        His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

        他的言論引起了一場氣氛熱烈而活躍的討論。

        充足的 abundant

        ❶ ample ['æmp(ə)l]

        Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials.

        農業迅速發展,從而為輕工業提供了充足的原料。

        ❷ plentiful ['plentɪfʊl]

        Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants.

        炎熱的氣候和充足的雨水有助于植物生長。

        ❸ generous ['dʒen(ə)rəs]

        No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year.

        沒有人指望今年會有大幅度的工資增長。

        勇敢的 brave

        ❶ courageous [kə'reɪdʒəs]

        The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.

        這些開拓者的確有勇氣,他們克服了一個又一個的困難。

        ❷ bold [bəʊld]

        Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers.

        重大而成功的舉措需要既大膽又善于控制局勢的經理來實施。

        ❸ fearless ['fɪəlɪs]

        To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.

        搞技術革新就要有一股不怕困難的闖勁。

        合理的 reasonable

        ❶ sound [saʊnd]

        She gave me some very sound advice.

        她給了我一些非常合理的建議。

        ❷ rational ['ræʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

        There is no rational explanation for his actions.

        對他的所作所為無法作出合理的解釋。

        ❸ sensible ['sensɪb(ə)l]

        It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

        靈活地運用標準比死守標準會顯得更合情合理。

        著名的 famous

        ❶ renowned [rɪ'naʊnd]

        The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty.

        該地區以其無以倫比的自然風景聞名于世。

        ❷ noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l]

        The class has made noticeable improvement.

        這個班已有引人注目的進步。

        ❸ notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l]

        The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science.

        這部著作是現代科學發展史上著名的里程碑之一。

        有益的 helpful

        ❶ favorable ['feɪvərəbl]

        Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.

        這種事情只有在外部條件有利時才會發生。

        ❷ beneficial [benɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]

        It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

        向自己信任的人傾訴感情是很有益處的。

        ❸ rewarding [rɪ'wɔːdɪŋ]

        It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

        獨自解決這個問題是一次受益匪淺的鍛煉。

        許多 many

        ❶ numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

        Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

        過去這一帶滿目蒼涼, 現在卻有了無數的工廠。

        ❷ a host of

        The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

        狹義相對論引出了許多問題。

        ❸ multitude of

        I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

        夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

        不同的 different

        ❶ various ['veərɪəs]

        These data have been collected from various sources.

        這些數據是從各方面搜集來的。

        ❷ a variety of

        A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

        各種重工業沿著港口逐漸發展起來。

        ❸ diverse [daɪ'vɜːs]

        People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

        人們對于這些新規定抱有不同的態度。

        普遍的 common

        ❶ commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

        Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

        然而即便在最普通的事情上我也琢摸不透你的心思。

        ❷ universal [juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

        Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

        這類問題是老年人的通病。

        ❸ pervasive [pə'veɪsɪv]

        It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

        它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

        唯一的 only

        ❶ solely ['səʊllɪ]

        Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

        成功與否不應只用學業成績來衡量。

        ❷ unique [juː'niːk]

        The examples are unique to this dictionary.

        這些例證是這部詞典獨有的。

        ❸ merely ['mɪəlɪ]

        You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

        你只是在背誦自己死記硬背下來的東西。

        貧窮的 poor

        ❶ needy ['niːdɪ]

        Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

        窮人和殘疾人依靠政府的救濟維持生計。

        ❷ impoverished [ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

        The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

        經濟崩潰使農村地區的人們一貧如洗。

        ❸ in poverty

        He was bred up in poverty.

        他是在貧苦的生活環境中長大的。

        富裕的 rich

        ❶ wealthy ['welθɪ]

        All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

        他們全部來自富有的上流社會家庭。

        ❷ well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]

        Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

        兩家人都相當富有,都生活得很舒適。

        ❸ well-to-do

        She comes from a well-to-do family.

        她出身于一個小康之家。

        大的 big

        ❶ vast [vɑːst]

        The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

        污染已經使大片地區淪為不毛之地。

        ❷ massive ['mæsɪv]

        We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

        我們得讓工人學習新技能,以應對巨大的技術變革。

        ❸ enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

        The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

        巨大的困難讓他對這個主意是否可行持懷疑態度。

        新的 new

        ❶ brand-new

        Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

        網上電子地圖已成為一種全新的地理信息展示方式。

        ❷ fresh [freʃ]

        The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

        公司準備在新任領導的帶領下開創新局面。

        ❸ novel ['nɒv(ə)l]

        Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

        抗議者找到了抗議油價飛漲的新辦法。

        有害的 harmful

        ❶ damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

        Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

        許多化學物質都對環境有破壞性的影響。

        ❷ ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]

        The decision has proved to be ruinous.

        事實證明這個決定造成了危害。

        ❸ destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]

        The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

        這座城市遭受了這場暴風雨的巨大破壞力。

        困難的 difficult

        ❶ demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

        He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

        他發現自己已無力應對這份勞神費力的工作了。

        ❷ laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]

        They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

        他們要完成砍伐大樹的艱苦工作。

        ❸ formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]

        He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

        他承擔起改革整個系統的艱巨任務。

        無聊的 boring

        ❶ dull [dʌl]

        The conference was deadly dull.

        會議開得死氣沉沉的。

        ❷ tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

        I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

        日復一日做相同的工作讓我覺得非常無聊。

        ❸ tedious ['tiːdɪəs]

        He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

        會讀書和思考的人不會感到長夜無聊或者生活乏味。

        憂慮的 worried

        ❶ anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]

        He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

        他為眼前任務的艱巨性而感到焦慮。

        ❷ apprehensive [æprɪ'hensɪv]

        The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

        長時間的耽擱使我相當憂慮。

        ❸ fraught [frɔːt]

        It has been a somewhat fraught day.

        這是令人頗為擔憂的一天。

        沮喪的 sad

        ❶ depressed [dɪ'prest]

        She felt very depressed about the future.

        她感到前途無望。

        ❷ gloomy ['gluːmɪ]

        They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

        他們發現他情緒低落,無精打采。

        ❸ frustrated [frʌ'streɪtɪd]

        Both sides in the dispute appeared very frustrated at the lack of progress.

        爭執雙方因事情毫無進展而顯得十分沮喪。

        懷疑的 doubtful

        ❶ skeptical ['skeptɪkəl]

        Many were skeptical about this solution.

        許多人對這一解決辦法表示懷疑。

        ❷ suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs]

        Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

        大多數機構對新想法持懷疑態度,這不難理解。

        ❸ incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

        She gave me an incredulous glance.

        她表示懷疑地向我瞥了一眼。

         



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