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                背起來:大學英語六級寫譯高頻詞

                2022-03-17 14:16 點擊:次 【字號

                大學六級寫譯高頻詞

                動詞

                1. 強調 stress/emphasize/underline

                2. 象征 represent / stand for / symbolize / signify

                3. 經歷 undergo/experience/go through

                4. 要求,需要 require/demand/request

                5. 升級 upgrade

                6. 使用,利用 use/utilize/make use of

                7. 反映 reflect

                8. 吸引 attract/fascinate

                9. 加強 strengthen/enhance/reinforce

                10. 描述,描繪 portray/depict/describe

                11. 改善,完善 improve/better/perfect

                12. 促進 promote/facilitate/advance/further

                13. 建造 construct/build

                14. 減少 reduce/cut down

                15. 展現 reveal/show/exhibit/display

                16. 參加,出席 join/attend/participate in/enter into

                17. 創立,建立 found/establish/set up

                18. 繁榮,興旺 boom/flourish/prosper

                19. 超過 exceed/surpass/overtake

                20. 消除 eliminate/remove/eradicate

                名詞

                1. 演變,發展 evolvement/development

                2. 改進,改善,提高 improvement / reforming / enrichment

                3. 文化 culture/civilization

                4. 技術 technology/skill/technique

                5. 文學 literature

                6. 航行 voyage/sailing/navigation

                7. 設施,設備 facility/equipment/device

                8. 貧困 poverty

                9. 創新 innovation

                10. 朝代 dynasty

                11. 安全 safety/security

                12. 企業家 entrepreneur

                13. 發源地 birthplace

                14. 交流 exchange/communication

                15. 城市化 urbanization

                形容詞

                1. 先進的 advanced/progressive

                2. 獨特的,特別的 unique / distinctive/particular

                3. 不同的,多種多樣的 different / various/diverse

                4. 著名的 famous/well-known/noted

                5. 流行的,受歡迎的 popular / fashionable / widespread

                6. 相似的 similar

                7. 傳統的 traditional/conventional

                8. 顯著的,杰出的 prominent/remarkable

                9. 歷史性的 historic

                10. 文化的 cultural

                11. 重要的 important / significant / vital/crucial

                12. 許多,眾多的 many/numerous/multiple

                13. 國家的,國民的,民族的 national

                14. 典型的 typical/representative

                15. 燦爛的,輝煌的 brilliant / splendid / glorious

                16. 農村的 rural

                17. 皇家的,王室的 royal/imperial

                18. 繁榮的 flourishing/prosperous/booming

                19. 穩定的 stable/steady/stabilized

                20. 前所未有的 unprecedented

                副詞

                1. 通常、頻繁地 usually / generally / frequently / constantly

                2. 明顯地 apparently/obviously/distinctly

                3. 廣泛地 widely/far andwide/generally

                4. 主要地,大體上 mainly/primarily/basically

                5. 嚴厲地 severely/strictly/seriously

                6. 大幅度地,快速 sharply/rapidly

                7. 同時 simultaneously/meanwhile

                8. 當前,目前 currently

                9. 越來越多地 increasingly

                短語

                1. 被視為 be regarded/considered/seen as

                2. 作出貢獻 make contributions to

                3. 相繼 in succession/one after another

                4. 據估計 It is estimated that/according to the estimates/It is considered that

                5. 大量的 a large number of(+ 可數名詞 )/a good deal of/a large amount of (+ 不可數名詞 )

                6. 涉足 set foot in/be involved in

                7. 改革開放 reform and opening up

                8. 越來越多的 more and more/an increasing number of/a growing number of

                9. 用于 be used as/serve as

                10. 在 …… 中起作用,扮演 …… 角色 play a role in

                11. 歸因于,歸功于 be attributed to

                12. 據說 It is said that

                13. 努力做某事 strive to do/make efforts to do/work hard at

                14. 屈從 submit to/yield to

                15. 坐落 be located/be situated (+ 介詞 )

                16. 以 …… 而出名 be famous for/be well-known for/be noted for

                17. 不僅 …… 而且 …… not only...but also...

                18. 重視 pay attention to/attach importance to/lay stress on

                19. 同時 at the same time/in the meantime

                20. 導致 result in/lead to/bring about/give rise to

                21. 被列為 be listed as/be classified as

                22. 占(比例) account for

                23. 源于 originate from/come from

                24. 在 …… 方面 in terms of/in the aspect of

                二、常用詞高級替換,寫譯瞬間高大上

                重要的 important

                ❶ vital ['vaɪt(ə)l]

                She had found out some information of vital importance.

                她已經發現了一些至關重要的信。

                ❷ crucial ['kruːʃ(ə)l]

                It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

                立即著手解決這個問題是至關重要的。

                ❸ prominent ['prɒmɪnənt]

                This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth.

                投資的較大幅度增加,對拉動經濟增長發揮了明顯作用。

                ❹ cardinal ['kɑːd(ɪ)n(ə)l]

                Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law.

                尊重生命是英國法律最重要的原則。

                優秀的 good

                ❶ excellent ['eks(ə)l(ə)nt]

                She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories.

                她一直因其優秀的短篇小說享有很高的聲望。

                ❷ outstanding [aʊt'stændɪŋ]

                The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

                得獎學金的女孩是相當優秀的。

                ❸ extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]

                Her strength of will was extraordinary.

                她的意志力是非凡的。

                ❹ remarkable [rɪ'mɑːkəb(ə)l]

                The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements.

                中國的經濟外交具有鮮明的特點和卓越的成就。

                有趣的 interesting

                ❶ amusing [ə'mjuːzɪŋ]

                Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing.

                只要覺得好笑就盡管笑。

                ❷ entertaining [entə'teɪnɪŋ]

                This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

                這部電影令人捧腹,卻又發人深省。

                ❸ engaging [ɪn'geɪdʒɪŋ]

                His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

                他迷人的個性使他深受同齡人的喜愛。

                有活力的 energetic

                ❶ dynamic [daɪ'næmɪk]

                South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world.

                南亞仍然是世界上最具活力的經濟區。

                ❷ vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs]

                We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately.

                我們強烈要求立即采取有力措施。

                ❸ animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd]

                His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

                他的言論引起了一場氣氛熱烈而活躍的討論。

                充足的 abundant

                ❶ ample ['æmp(ə)l]

                Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials.

                農業迅速發展,從而為輕工業提供了充足的原料。

                ❷ plentiful ['plentɪfʊl]

                Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants.

                炎熱的氣候和充足的雨水有助于植物生長。

                ❸ generous ['dʒen(ə)rəs]

                No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year.

                沒有人指望今年會有大幅度的工資增長。

                勇敢的 brave

                ❶ courageous [kə'reɪdʒəs]

                The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.

                這些開拓者的確有勇氣,他們克服了一個又一個的困難。

                ❷ bold [bəʊld]

                Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers.

                重大而成功的舉措需要既大膽又善于控制局勢的經理來實施。

                ❸ fearless ['fɪəlɪs]

                To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.

                搞技術革新就要有一股不怕困難的闖勁。

                合理的 reasonable

                ❶ sound [saʊnd]

                She gave me some very sound advice.

                她給了我一些非常合理的建議。

                ❷ rational ['ræʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

                There is no rational explanation for his actions.

                對他的所作所為無法作出合理的解釋。

                ❸ sensible ['sensɪb(ə)l]

                It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

                靈活地運用標準比死守標準會顯得更合情合理。

                著名的 famous

                ❶ renowned [rɪ'naʊnd]

                The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty.

                該地區以其無以倫比的自然風景聞名于世。

                ❷ noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l]

                The class has made noticeable improvement.

                這個班已有引人注目的進步。

                ❸ notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l]

                The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science.

                這部著作是現代科學發展史上著名的里程碑之一。

                有益的 helpful

                ❶ favorable ['feɪvərəbl]

                Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.

                這種事情只有在外部條件有利時才會發生。

                ❷ beneficial [benɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]

                It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

                向自己信任的人傾訴感情是很有益處的。

                ❸ rewarding [rɪ'wɔːdɪŋ]

                It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

                獨自解決這個問題是一次受益匪淺的鍛煉。

                許多 many

                ❶ numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

                Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

                過去這一帶滿目蒼涼, 現在卻有了無數的工廠。

                ❷ a host of

                The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

                狹義相對論引出了許多問題。

                ❸ multitude of

                I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

                夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

                不同的 different

                ❶ various ['veərɪəs]

                These data have been collected from various sources.

                這些數據是從各方面搜集來的。

                ❷ a variety of

                A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

                各種重工業沿著港口逐漸發展起來。

                ❸ diverse [daɪ'vɜːs]

                People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

                人們對于這些新規定抱有不同的態度。

                普遍的 common

                ❶ commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

                Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

                然而即便在最普通的事情上我也琢摸不透你的心思。

                ❷ universal [juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

                Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

                這類問題是老年人的通病。

                ❸ pervasive [pə'veɪsɪv]

                It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

                它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

                唯一的 only

                ❶ solely ['səʊllɪ]

                Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

                成功與否不應只用學業成績來衡量。

                ❷ unique [juː'niːk]

                The examples are unique to this dictionary.

                這些例證是這部詞典獨有的。

                ❸ merely ['mɪəlɪ]

                You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

                你只是在背誦自己死記硬背下來的東西。

                貧窮的 poor

                ❶ needy ['niːdɪ]

                Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

                窮人和殘疾人依靠政府的救濟維持生計。

                ❷ impoverished [ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

                The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

                經濟崩潰使農村地區的人們一貧如洗。

                ❸ in poverty

                He was bred up in poverty.

                他是在貧苦的生活環境中長大的。

                富裕的 rich

                ❶ wealthy ['welθɪ]

                All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

                他們全部來自富有的上流社會家庭。

                ❷ well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]

                Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

                兩家人都相當富有,都生活得很舒適。

                ❸ well-to-do

                She comes from a well-to-do family.

                她出身于一個小康之家。

                大的 big

                ❶ vast [vɑːst]

                The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

                污染已經使大片地區淪為不毛之地。

                ❷ massive ['mæsɪv]

                We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

                我們得讓工人學習新技能,以應對巨大的技術變革。

                ❸ enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

                The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

                巨大的困難讓他對這個主意是否可行持懷疑態度。

                新的 new

                ❶ brand-new

                Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

                網上電子地圖已成為一種全新的地理信息展示方式。

                ❷ fresh [freʃ]

                The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

                公司準備在新任領導的帶領下開創新局面。

                ❸ novel ['nɒv(ə)l]

                Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

                抗議者找到了抗議油價飛漲的新辦法。

                有害的 harmful

                ❶ damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

                Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

                許多化學物質都對環境有破壞性的影響。

                ❷ ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]

                The decision has proved to be ruinous.

                事實證明這個決定造成了危害。

                ❸ destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]

                The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

                這座城市遭受了這場暴風雨的巨大破壞力。

                困難的 difficult

                ❶ demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

                He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

                他發現自己已無力應對這份勞神費力的工作了。

                ❷ laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]

                They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

                他們要完成砍伐大樹的艱苦工作。

                ❸ formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]

                He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

                他承擔起改革整個系統的艱巨任務。

                無聊的 boring

                ❶ dull [dʌl]

                The conference was deadly dull.

                會議開得死氣沉沉的。

                ❷ tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

                I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

                日復一日做相同的工作讓我覺得非常無聊。

                ❸ tedious ['tiːdɪəs]

                He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

                會讀書和思考的人不會感到長夜無聊或者生活乏味。

                憂慮的 worried

                ❶ anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]

                He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

                他為眼前任務的艱巨性而感到焦慮。

                ❷ apprehensive [æprɪ'hensɪv]

                The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

                長時間的耽擱使我相當憂慮。

                ❸ fraught [frɔːt]

                It has been a somewhat fraught day.

                這是令人頗為擔憂的一天。

                沮喪的 sad

                ❶ depressed [dɪ'prest]

                She felt very depressed about the future.

                她感到前途無望。

                ❷ gloomy ['gluːmɪ]

                They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

                他們發現他情緒低落,無精打采。

                ❸ frustrated [frʌ'streɪtɪd]

                Both sides in the dispute appeared very frustrated at the lack of progress.

                爭執雙方因事情毫無進展而顯得十分沮喪。

                懷疑的 doubtful

                ❶ skeptical ['skeptɪkəl]

                Many were skeptical about this solution.

                許多人對這一解決辦法表示懷疑。

                ❷ suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs]

                Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

                大多數機構對新想法持懷疑態度,這不難理解。

                ❸ incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

                She gave me an incredulous glance.

                她表示懷疑地向我瞥了一眼。

                 



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